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Tackling climate change – decoding strategies of oil and gas companies

Published on November 27, 2019 by Gaurav Sharma

Climate change is increasingly becoming the biggest challenge the world is facing today, with 2018 witnessing the highest CO2 emission ever. The continued increase in global emission even after large-scale deployment of renewable energy projects implies the world will have to follow a stricter path to meet the targets set under the Paris agreement signed in 2015.

Even though the US has formally announced its intention to back out of the deal, the Paris accord stipulates countries work toward keeping the global temperature rise this century below 2 degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It aims to ultimately limit it to 1.5 degree Celsius. However, a UN environment report (Emissions Gap Report 2018) states current policy measures will lead to an average temperature rise of 3.2 degree Celsius by the end of this century. Thus, to reach anywhere close to Paris agreement goals, governments will need much stricter policy measures and initiatives in the coming years.

As concerns over climate change grow, it is becoming an existential risk for the oil and gas sector. Companies are facing challenges not only from stricter government regulations, but also from the changing behavior of customers, who are increasingly becoming climate activists. Leading oil and gas players have acknowledged climate change as a major issue impacting their business and the need to move fast to tackle the problem. To quote a few leaders,

“BP agrees with its critics on the need for the world to move to net zero emissions.” – Bob Dudley, BP CEO.

“The world needs to move to net zero emission whatever time frame you pick, getting to net zero will require an absolutely unprecedented level of coordinated action. And I believe governments will need to do a lot and will need a lot of help as well." – Ben van Beurden, Shell CEO

To tackle the challenges arising out of climate change, oil companies have started reshaping their business strategies and are actively contributing to become part of the future low-carbon economy. They are looking to move away from being seen as problem creators to becoming partners in global decarbonization solutions.

Companies are taking various steps to work towards climate change, by adopting symbolic measures (e.g., Norway’s national oil company changed its name from Statoil to Equinor in early 2018, symbolizing the shift from oil to equilibrium to emphasize the company’s low-carbon strategy) as well as adopting defined strategies.

Broadly, these strategies have two-pronged approaches:

  • Internal measures

    • Lowering emissions of business operations

    • Investing in low-carbon technologies

  • External steps

    • Investing in clean energy

    • Collaborating with industry players

Lowering emissions of business operations

Some global majors have announced aggressive emission reduction targets from their operations.

Investing in low-carbon technologies

Companies are investing in R&D and technological innovation to reduce emissions from future operations:

  • Equinor: The company’s low-carbon, and energy-efficiency R&D projects accounted for 21% of the total R&D expenditure in 2018, an increase from 18% in 2017.

  • BP: The company has committed USD100m toward new emission reduction projects in the upstream segment.

  • Chevron: In the past decade, the company invested more than USD75m in carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) R&D. It has also invested around USD1.1bn in two CCUS projects (Gorgon carbon dioxide (CO2) injection project and Quest project)+, which could reduce GHG emissions by about 5m metric tonnes per year once operational.

Investing in clean energy

In recent years, oil majors (like Shell, BP, and Total) have made significant investments in renewable energy, electric vehicles, battery technologies, and smart mobility to tackle climate change.

  • BP: According to the company, it is “investing at least USD500m a year to support low-carbon activities including renewable businesses and acquisitions. Around USD200m of this [investment] is used to develop options for new lower carbon businesses.” As part of this plan, the company is pumping significant capital in electric charging infrastructure and mobility technology.

  • Chevron: In 2018, the company launched the USD100m Future Energy Fund, a venture capital fund established to invest in breakthrough technologies. As per the company, “Early investments include an electric vehicle charging network, novel battery technology, and direct capture of carbon dioxide from the air.”

  • Shell: The company has announced a program to reduce its net carbon footprint by 2-3% starting 2019. Shell stated, “The company would invest in natural ecosystems as part of its strategy to act on global climate change, including addressing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated by customers when using its products.” Over the next three years, Shell plans to invest USD300m.

Collaborating with industry players

Major oil and gas players have come together to create Oil and Gas Climate Initiative (OGCI) – an organization set up with a shared vision to reduce the collective average methane intensity from their upstream operations to below 0.25% by 2025 (baseline: 0.32% in 2017). The organization also promotes start-ups (through the creation of an USD1bn+ investment fund) working toward reducing carbon footprint in the energy and industrial sectors.

Source: OGCI website

Climate change has become a key agenda item for oil and gas players globally. They now expect increased regulations and backlash against hydrocarbons (which remain a key source of emission) in the future, which poses a big risk to oil companies.

The impact of climate change on the operations and future of these companies will heavily depend on advancements in low-carbon technologies. The companies need to produce hydrocarbons responsibly and remain committed to a green-energy future.

Explore our bespoke solutions for Energy and Utilities industry

Sources

Oil and Gas Climate Initiative (OGCI)

Global Carbon Project

Company reports

Emissions Gap Report 2018


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About the Author

Delivery Manager,Private Equity and Consulting

Gaurav Sharma has over 11 years of experience across various leading research firm. He works as an Oil & Gas (O&G) subject matter expert based out of India. Gaurav has worked closely with strategy teams of O&G supermajors and Oil Field Service companies, as well as with energy team of one of the leading management consulting firm. He is an MBA from University of Petroleum and Energy Studies and also holds a BE degree in Mechanical.

Comments

Amit tripathi

27-Nov-2019 11:49:51 am

Great content, really helpful in understanding the oil and gas majors role towards climate change.


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